Creative sentencing began in Alberta in 1993, with the proclamation of the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act. These flexible sentencing options were eventually worked into other legislation, including the Water Act, the Public Lands Act, the Forests Act, the Forest and Prairie Protection Act, and the Climate Change and Emissions Management Act.
Basically, when fines are levied against an offender the judge can divert the funds towards conservation or environmental projects, which are considered appropriate by the courts. In 2015 such funds were made available to the Alberta Conservation Association to help purchase a significant property along the North Raven River. Here is a feature that illustrates what can be done when resources and partnerships come together.